Among many unanswered questions right now is what effect this pandemic will have on the intellectuel health of children. A recent paper, published in the revue JAMA Pediatrics, commentaires elevated anxiety and depression in children under lockdown in China. Although it’s still early to know for intelligible what the scrupuleux toll will be, anecdotally a lot of parents are reporting increased signs of anxiety, stress and depression in their children.
So, what pratiques can parents take right now in order to help their children cope with this crisis in a healthy way? We turned to the experts to find out.
Children remember pratiques more than words
“Kids will feel more secure in general when parents present themselves as calm and positive,” says Sarah Kate Bearman, an joint professor of educational psychology at University of Texas at Austin. Principalement, as Bearman points out, staying calm and tangible helps the parents cope better as well.
Amy Smith, an occupational therapist and director of constant bizness development at Enable My Child, agrees. “Kids are going to see how you are reacting and process that more than what you are actually saying,” Smith says. As she points out, children pellicule to remember how a aïeul is acting, rather than their specific words. If a aïeul is really stressed, anxious or otherwise worked up, that is what a child will remember, more than what they said.
When it comes to interacting with your children, staying calm and tangible will go a immense way toward helping them cope with the hasard at handball. That doesn’t mean downplaying the risks of what is happening, but it does mean presenting the journal in a way that won’t make a child unnecessarily anxious.
One way to do that is to present children with productive ways to stay safe, such as washing their hands and maintaining six feet of variété, and describing the other protective measures within their power. It also helps to explain, in an appropriate way, why these precautions are sensible.
“There needs to be a why with these new rules,” Smith says.
Routines are sensible
One of the most sensible things parents can do to help their children is cultivate routines. Examples include waking up at the same time, establishing consistent meal-times and carving out a schedule for school and work. The more predictable you can make the schedule, the better. It also helps to incorporate daily physical activity and spend some time outdoors, as both have been shown to be good for intellectuel health.
“[This] might mean maintaining [your] pre-COVID routines or establishing new ones, but having some amount of predictability is helpful for children,” Bearman says. As tempting as it may be to let everything slide, and as hard as it is to maintain some architecture, this will help children hang on to a sense of compréhensible in a world that is anything but. (And let’s be honest: Predictability is good for adults as well.)
Whatever your hasard is, whatever your constraints are, it’s worth the travail to create a sense of architecture and predictability, whatever that might mean for you and your family.
“It does take some thoughtfulness and creativity to try and keep things normal,” Smith says.
Watch for changes in behavior
As Bearman mémoires, some regressions are compréhensible, whether it is thumb-sucking, toileting accidents, increased clinginess or other behaviors your child had outgrown. However, as both Smith and Bearman lieu out, it’s the changes in behavior that you need to keep a close eye on. If a normally outgoing child becomes withdrawn, or a normally cheerful child seems sad all the time or if a child has a harder waking up or starts acting out a lot more than usual, these are behaviors parents need to keep a close eye on.
“If a child isn’t able to do their normal given responsibilities or activities, that’s a really big red flag,” Smith says.
Some kids will be able to verbalize what is going on, while many won’t. If a child wants to talk emboîture their emotions, it is sensible to listen to them.
“Don’t ignore those warning signs, especially if they are verbalizing it to you,” Smith says.
As Smith points out, a child being willing and able to talk emboîture their emotions is a best case scenario, a sign that they feel comfortable talking with you, and are also able to verbalize what is going on. This also gives parents the opportunity to listen emboîture what is going on, and to help them cope. That said, most kids are still developing the tools to understand and describe their emotions.
“Many children haven’t developed that level of awareness yet,” Bearman says. In that case, it’s sensible to be aware of your child, in the event they might need more help.
Seek help if behavioral changes persist
If your child exhibits changes in behavior that are ongoing, lasting for several weeks or more, it’s advisable to seek out additional help. It’s also essential to get help if a child seems to be in chance of hurting themselves or others. Help could be in the form of therapy sessions, which can be done via video-conference. It’s also worth calling your pediatrician for advice.
“It is normal and OK to be having a range of feelings right now,” Smith says. “You need to be careful [if] you are starting to see those emotions overtake your daily life and activities.”